There are several steps that you and your health care provider can take in order to detect breast cancer. In general, the earlier breast cancer is found, the better your prognosis is. The key is to detect breast cancer before you experience symptoms. In this section we will discuss the different screening methods which are available for breast cancer.
Women can and should examine their own breasts starting in their 20s. Performing regular self-exams allows a women to get to know how her own breasts look and feel, which may make you more likely to report any changes to your doctor. If you choose to do a breast self-exam (BSE), you should have your technique reviewed by a medical professional
There are three ways of performing a breast self-exam:
Start at the outer edge of your breast, and move fingers around the entire breast in a circular motion.
Start at your underarm area, and move your fingers downwards and back up until you have checked your entire breast.
Start at the outer edge of your breast, and move your fingers towards the nipple and back to the edge until you have checked the entire breast in small wedge-shaped sections.
Use the pads of your three middle fingers to feel your breast.
Always check your underarm and upper chest as well.
Apply different levels of pressure while doing a self-exam.
Look at your breasts in a mirror to check for any visual changes, such as changes in breast shape and/or swelling.
Women in their 20s-30s should have their breast clinically examined (clinical breast exam- CBE) as part of their annual health examination. For women over their 30s, this is usually a complement to other types of screenings such as mammograms.
A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breast. It can detect lumps in your breast that you may not be able to see or feel. After the age of 40, a women should start having a mammogram done annually.
According to the World Health Organization, mammography is the most effective screening method for breast cancer. Mammography has also helped reduce the number of deaths from breast cancer in women ages 40-70. If you are a woman, 40 years old or older, you should have a mammogram done every year.